SETTING UP PPP FOR WINDOWS 95

So you want a Dial-up connection for Windows 95. Dial-Up Networking is a component of Windows 95. It may look difficult to setup, but it is not. The difficulty occurs in configuring the connection. Thus, the following guide will walk you through the process and show you how to configure your dial-up connection.


The instructions which are provided will allow persons with accounts on mama.indstate.edu to connect through a PPP (Point-to-Point Protocol). This connection will allow users to have a full TCP/IP connection to Internet. You will also be able to map your files on mama, papa, baby, physiol or other UNIX/LINUX based servers running SAMBA as “drives” on your remote PC. If you enable sharing of drives or other resources on your desktop PC, you can map these drives/resources to your remote machine. We are still working on the requirements for mapping Novell servers as remote drives; this information will be made available as soon as it is available.

The following series is graphics and descriptions will visually guide you through the process. If you receive a system message stating that Win95 needs to “restart”, click on OK and allow Win95 to update its files and registry. You should have your original system disks or CD-ROM available during this process.

The first step is to double click on the “My Computer” icon which you will find on your desktop. This will provide you with the following:

Double click on the “Dial-Up Networking” icon. This will provide you with the following:

You want to “Make a New Connection”. You can set up multiple icons for various connections using different phone numbers for a single machine or connections to different machines. You may wish to make multiple icons for connections for various dialing situations such as local, long distance, with/without call waiting, with/without credit card/calling card numbers, or other combinations which may suit your usage or needs. To establish a new configuration, double click the “Make New Connection” icon to receive the following box:

Type a unique name for your configuration; in this case it is “Mama”. The modem name should be present from when you performed the Hardware installation. Now click on the Configure button underneath the modem name to check the configuration. You will see the following box:

The Port setting should be correct since the Hardware installation set this item. You can adjust the Speaker Volume so that you can hear the modem dialing; after the connection to a server is complete, the modem sound is turned off. Set the maximum speed to your preference. With a 28.8 V.34 modem this should be set to 115200. Do not “check” the “only connect at this speed” box; this could cause you problems.

Now click on the “Connection” tab. You will see the following:

The default setting should be correct. You can adjust the “Call Preferences” if you wish.

Click on the “Port Settings” to see the following box:

You should not change any of these setting. These setting are determined by Win95 during the modem Hardware installation. If you know that your machine's COM port/modem does not have a 16550 UART chip for a high speed communication port, un-check the box. WARNING: It is very rare that Win95 makes a mistake with these settings so make changes at your own risk. To get rid of this box, click on OK. This will take you back to the Modem Properties box.

Now click on the “Advanced” button in the Modem configuration box. This will provide a configuration box similar to the box at the top of the next column.

The “Advanced Connection Settings” default to the above. The only setting which you should change is the “Compressed data” check box. PPP will work with the “Compressed data” box check or unchecked. It is recommended that you UN-CHECK the box for “Compressed data”; there is an improvement in performance.

When you are finished with the “Advanced Connection Settings” box, click the “OK” button. You will return to the Modem Properties box. Click the “Options” tab.

In this box, mark the “Bring up terminal window after dialing” option under the Connection Controls. This option will provide you with a terminal screen while you log into the server (mama). You can eliminate this requirement if you learn how to write login scripts. But I recommend that you login to the server “by hand” so that you can see what is happening and whether there are any problems which occur during the login process. This box also has the option for the pause for automatically entering credit card/calling card code numbers.

You have completed this phase of the modem setup. Click the “OK” button. This action will give you the box shown at the top of the next page:

Type the phone number for the server. Mama's phone numbers include 237-8033, 237-7662, 237-2415, 237-7781, 237-7757, 237-7813. There are 8 lines on a roll-over. It may take a few minutes for the search of all lines to be completed if everyone starts with the same phone number. If you find that a particular line is slow to rollover to an open line, you might change your “default” phone number to speed up the process by entering later in the rollover sequence. Do not ask “which is the best number to use” because telco has not told use the sequence in which they placed the numbers in their computer system. Using any of the numbers should get to a free line if it is available.

Leave the Area Code blank and do not alter the Country Code setting unless this is to be a Long Distance call-in icon. Now click the “Next” button.

The box as illustrated above should appear. At this point, everything should be set up. Click on the “Finish” button and you will see the following:

No, you are not done yet. The next thing that you should do is change the Properties of your MAMA connection. To do this you will need to point the mouse arrow at the MAMA connection and press the RIGHT mouse key. This will provide a drop-down menu box which will look like this:

Slide the mouse pointer down the list to “Properties” to obtain the MAMA box which is shown at the top of the next column.

You will not need to click on the “Configure” button in the “Connect Using:” area of this box; you set these options in a previous step with a previous box. But, you should click on the “Server Type” button in the “Connect Using:” region of this box. This will give you the following box:

The “Type of Dial-Up Server” should be “PPP: Windows 95, Windows NT 3.5, Internet”. In the “Advanced Options:” area, it does not matter whether the “Log on to Network” box is checked or unchecked. You should uncheck the “Enable software compression” box for optimal performance; your connection will work with the box checked, but uncheck it. Leave all the “Allowed Network Protocols” checked; this will give you Internet and Microsoft Networking (connection to the UNIX/LINUX servers as mapped drives). Hopefully the problems with access to the Novell servers (IPX/SPX) can be resolved in the near future.

Now click the “TCP/IP Settings” button in the “Allowed Network Protocols” region of the box. This will give you the following:

You should “check” the “Server Assigned IP Address” radio button. Also “check” the “Specify Name Server Addresses” radio button and fill in the campus “Primary DNS”. The primary DNS is 139.102.1.10. You should “uncheck” the “Use IP Header Compression” radio button. You should “check” the “Use default gateway on remote network” radio button. Finally, click the “OK” button at the bottom of this box. This will take you back to the “Server Type” box which can be seen at the bottom of the right hand column of the previous page. In the “Server Type” box, click the “OK” button. This will take you back to the “MAMA” box as seen at the top of the right hand column on the previous page. Click on the “OK” button of the “MAMA” box and you will get back to the following:

No, you are not done yet. You still need to look at a few more settings. These settings are your network settings. To find them, go to “My Computer” and double click on the “Control Panel”; you can also find the Control Panel by clicking on the “Start” button in the lower left corner of your screen; slide the mouse pointer up to “Setting” and you will see a pop-up menu with “Control Panel” as an option.

When you access the “Control Panel” you will see the following box:

Locate the “Network” icon and double click on it. This will give you the following box:

Do not worry if your Network settings do not match what is illustrated in the previous picture. They will by the time you complete the following steps.

The first thing you should configure is the “Client for Microsoft Networks”. If you do not have this selection in your list of network components, click on the “Add” button which is below the list of components, click on “Client” in the “Select Network Component Type”, click the “Add” button found to the right of the list of types of network components, select “Microsoft” from the manufacturers list and “Client for Microsoft Networks” from the “Network Clients” list, then click on the “OK” button. This same procedure can be repeated to add “Client for NetWare Networks: if it does not appear in your list of network components; you should use the Microsoft (as manufacturer) “Client for NetWare Networks”.

Now you should configure your “Client for Microsoft Networks” by clicking on it in the list so that it is highlighted and clicking on the “Properties” button beneath the list. You will see the following:

DO NOT mark the “Log on to Windows NT domain” radio button; if you mark this, it will cause you BIG problems. You should mark the “Quick logon” radio button under the “Network Logon Options”. Now click the “OK” button.

Next, you will configure the “Client for NetWare Networks”. If this does not exist, you can repeat the procedure which was outlined at the top of this column for the installation of the “Client for Microsoft Network”. It is important that you always select “Microsoft” as the manufacturer during the installation of all of the networking components. You are using the Dial-Up Networking which came with Windows 95; the “Microsoft” networking components are more stable than the components for “other” manufacturers which Microsoft included in the Windows 95 distribution. So ALWAY install components which are located under the Microsoft as manufacturer heading!!!

When you highlight “Client for NetWare Networks” in the component list and click the “Properties” button, you will see the following:

You should NOT type in a name for a “Preferred Server”. The “First Network Drive” letter does not matter; any letter is fine. Check the radio button for “Enable logon script processing”. Click the “Advanced” tab at the top of the box to see:

Default setting for this “Advanced” box are correct. Now click the “OK” button. Currently, we are having difficulties with mapping Novell NetWare servers as remote drives using Dial-Up Networking. We are hopeful that these problems will be solved in the near future. The configuration which you are using should work properly when the difficulties are resolved.

Next, highlight the “Dial-Up Adapter” in your network component list and click the “Properties” buttons. The Dial-Up Adapter” was installed as a network component when you configured your “Dial-Up Networking” in previous steps.

The default “Driver Type” should be correct. It is dependent on your modem as detected by Windows 95.

 

Click on the “Bindings” tab to insure that all available protocols are “bound” to your dial-up adapter (modem).

Click on the “Advanced” tab to see these setting. The default settings should be correct. Now click on “OK” to complete the configuration of your dial-up adapter.

Now you should highlight “IPX/SPX Compatible Protocol” from your list of network components and click the “Properties” button.

Mark the “I want to enable NetBIOS over IPX/SPX”. This selection will add the “NETBIOS Support for IPX/SPX Protocol” to your list of network components. Remember that you can not use this protocol to access the Novell NetWare servers at this time; but this installation should provide this network service as soon as it is available (and you will not have to go through all of this again!!!!) Now click the “Advanced” tab to see the next group of settings.

The default settings on this “Advanced” grouping is correct. You do not need to change anything. But make sure that the “Set this protocol to be the default protocol” is NOT checked. You can look at the setting under the “Bindings” tab, but you should not change any of them. Finally, you should click the “OK” button at the bottom of this panel.

Now you should highlight the NetBEUI item from your network component list and click the “Properties” button.

The default settings as shown above are correct for the “Bindings”. You may not see the “File and printer sharing for Microsoft Networks” if this item is not in your network component list. Now click on the “Advanced” tab.

The default “Advanced” NetBEUI setting should be correct. Look to see that the “Set this protocol to be the default protocol” is NOT checked. Click the “OK” button at the bottom of this panel.

Now you should check the “NETBIOS support for IPX/SPX-compatible protocol” from your network configuration list. Highlight the item and click on “Properties”.

The default settings should be correct. You may not see the “File and printer sharing for Microsoft Networks” if this item is not in your network components list. Click on the “OK” button to continue.

The most important setting are the ones you will examine now. Highlight “TCP/IP” in your list of network components and click the “Properties” button.

The server will automatically assign PPP connects an IP address so check “Obtain an IP address automatically”; this is the default.

Now click the “WINS Configuration” tab.

Use the defaults for WINS configuration. WINS Resolution must be DISABLED. You should NOT use DHCP for WINS resolution.

Click on the “Gateway” tab.

You must type in a “New Gateway” of 139.102.70.201 which is mama's IP address. Mama will act as the Gateway to your machine. After typing in the gateway address, you must click “Add” so that the Gateway address will appear on the “Installed Gateways” list.

Now click on the “Bindings” tab.

The default settings for the Bindings should be correct.

Now click on the “Advanced” tab. This is an important option!!!!!

Do not worry about the “Property” area of this box. BUT click on the box next to “Set this protocol as the default protocol”; this MUST be marked!!!!

Now click on the “DNS Configuration” tab to see the following configuration box:

You should “Enable DNS”. In the “Host:” box, type a name for your computer that is 8 characters or less. In the “Domain:” box, type indstate.edu as shown above. In the “DNS Search Order:” box type 139.102.1.10 which is the primary DNS (domain name service) server on campus and then click the “Add” button. It is advisable to add the secondary DNS name server for the campus which is 139.102.7.102 to your list. I would also recommend that you add 129.79.1.9 which is Indiana University's primary DNS to the list. This will assist you if the campus DNS servers are down. In the “Domain Suffix Search Order” box type indstate.edu and click “Add”.

You have now completed the configuration of “TCP/IP Properties” so you can click the “OK” button at the bottom of this box.

The last item in your network components list should be “File and printer sharing for Microsoft Networks”. If it is not present you can add it by clicking on the “Add” button beneath the list of components, highlight “Services” then click on “Add”, choose “Microsoft” and pick it from the list that you are provided.

When “File and printer sharing for Microsoft Networks” is highlighted in your network components list and you click on “Properties”, you will see the following:

The default setting are correct; you will not need to change any of these settings. You can click on the “OK” button to return to the “Network” configuration box.

You have completed the configuration of the various network components which are available or should be available in the near future.

But, before you leave the “Network” box, you should complete two more areas which are indicated by the tabs which are found next to the “Configuration” tab which you have been working in. The next tab should be labeled “Identification”. Click on the “Identification” tab. You should see something similar to the next picture which is found on the top of the next page.

In the box for “Computer name:”, type the 8 character or less name which you typed in the “Host:” slot on the TCP/IP, DNS Configuration page. In the “Workgroup:” slot you can type any name; this is not used for dial-up connections. You can type any “Computer Descriptions:” in the blank provided.

Now click on the “Access Control” tab to advance to the next configuration screen.

Mark the “Share-level access control” on this screen. It is not advisable to mark the “User-level access control”.

Now you should click on the “Configuration” tab again. Directly below the list of network components is a box with “Primary Network Logon:” directly above it. Click the small triangle on the right side of the box and select “Client for Microsoft Networks” from the options which are provided.

Below this is a button marked “File and Print Sharing”. Click this button.

Both options provided in the “File and Print Sharing” box should be marked. If you leave your dial-up computer on and have the modem set to auto-answer the telephone, you can call the remote computer and retrieve a file which has been left on the dial-up/remote computer. Click “OK” to close the “File and Print Sharing” box.

CONGRATULATIONS!!! You have completed the configuration of your dial-up networking. Your computer will probably want to load files from your original Windows 95 disks/CD-ROM at this point. It will also want to restart so that the registries and kernel can be updated.

NOW you can connect to the server. You should double click your “My Computer” icon on the desktop and double click the “Dial-Up Networking” icon.

Double click the “MAMA” icon. This will open a “Connect to:” box similar to this:

You do NOT need to fill in a “Logon name:” or “Password:”; these are not used by mama. You do not have to save the password.

BUT, the FIRST TIME you try to connect, click the “Dial Properties” button. This will give you the following configuration box:

This allows you to configure for Long Distance dialing options. The default setting are usually correct. But it is best to check these setting the FIRST/INITIAL time you connect using a new connection that you have set up. Click “OK” when you are satisfied with your settings. This will return you to this box:

 

Click on the “Connect” button. This will initiate your connection to the server. You will hear your modem dialing and hopefully, the initial negotiation between your dial-up computer and the server. During this process, Win95 will place a small status box on your screen which will inform you of the progress of the connection.

If everything has been configured correctly, you will see a terminal screen appear. The terminal screen is like a telnet screen. An example is shown at the top of the next column.

If your terminal screen is blank, hit the “Enter” key on your keyboard to prompt a response from the server (mama); this is a problem which has been experienced with some types of modems.

Click on the boarder of the terminal screen so that you know that it is the “active” screen area. Type in your username for your mama account and hit the “Enter” key on your keyboard. Type in your password for the account and hit the “Enter” key; as with passwords on any system, it will not show up on the terminal screen when you type the password. If the username and password are correct, a large amount of information will scroll across the screen; if not, you will be prompted to retype your user information. You will be give 3 attempts to enter the correct information before the server disconnects.

As previously stated, a correct username/password will log you into the system. A large amount of information will quickly scroll down the terminal screen. The scrolling will stop with a question concerning the protocol which you wish to use for your remote connection. The options include SLIP, CSLIP, PPP or SHELL. You should connect using PPP. To do this, type PPP at this prompt (use Capital letters) and hit the “Enter” key on your keyboard. IMMEDIATELY after you hit the “Enter” key, click on the “Continue (F7)” button which is the left button in the lower frame of the terminal screen. As soon as you type the PPP and “Enter” key, the server begins negotiation of the PPP protocol. If you do not click on the “Continue (F7)” button, you will see a stream of garbage characters being sent to the terminal screen; these characters are part of the PPP negotiation. If the “Continue (F7)” button is not clicked, the server will not see your dialup computer responding to the negotiation and disconnect you.

Clicking on the “Continue (F7)” button will close the terminal screen. The status box will remain on your screen and show you the progress of the login negotiations. If everything has been set up correctly you will see a Connected message in this box within 30-60 seconds after the terminal screen is closed. This box will keep track of the hours, minutes and seconds of your active connection. To disconnect, click on the “Disconnect” button which is found in this box.

Now you are connected to the network via your modem. The easiest way to transfer the standard Internet applications to your remote computer is to “drag” the applications across from the public area on mama.

To attach the public file area as a drive on your remote computer, double click on the “My Computer” icon on your desktop. If you do not have the tool/button bar, click on View and move the mouse pointer down to Toolbar.

The second button on the tool bar allows you to Map a Network Drive. Click on the button. A “Map Network Drive” box will appear. Select the drive letter for the Network drive. In the “Path” box, type \\MAMA\PUBLIC and click the “OK” button. A new drive labeled PUBLIC on `MAMA' will appear in your “My Computer” box. You can map your personal directory on mama, papa, baby, physiol or other UNIX/LINUX server which is running an application called SAMBA through the same procedure. The path format would be \\SERVER\USERNAME with the two leading slashes, server name, one slash, and the userlogin name (use Capital letter for the server and username). Since you are accessing private file areas, you will be prompted for a password before give access. Your Windows 95 desktop machine can be access in a similar manner with the SERVER name replaced by the name you used for your computer in the Control Panel/Network/ Identification tab settings. The username for your harddisk would be C or whatever drive letter you are accessing. Once again, you will be prompted for a password. This process for accessing your desktop computer will work only if you set up Sharing for the drive or other resource (point at the drive letter in the My Computer window and press the right mouse button to find the Sharing option).

Similar mapping of Novell NetWare servers should be available in the near future. You can access your P-Mail via a popmail application such as Eudora. Eudora, Netscape, a telnet client, a news client, and several other standard Internet applications can be found on the Public drive area of mama. You can drag these applications from the Pubic drive on mama over to your remote computer, uncompress the applications, and use them as you would from your regular networked computer.