|Chapter 7, Europe
Europe Quiz - great practice!
world economic system established in Europe
- mercantile capitalism
- industrial capitalism
WWII - new core areas
differentiation - complex
Glacier, Jostedalsbreen National Park, Norway
glacial ice cap in Europe
Cliff village in Spain
Gutted cottage in Kosovo
CHALLENGE AND CHANGE
of growth and destruction/stagnation
Divisions and Integration
ago - wars, invasions, migrations
A.D. - rise of national sentiment
EUROPE GOES GLOBAL
Revolution - Great Britain 1700s
- prompted by wealth and expanded
- founded in coal areas
- concentration of workers
and factories --> urbanization
(e.g., Britain: 1800=9% urban;
1900=62% urban; 1990s=90%+ urban)
- Was this technology transferred
to the colonies?
- US and Japan did acquire
technology and R&D
WORLD WARS AND GLOBAL ECONOMIC CHANGES
- 2 World Wars --> reduced economies
of U.S., USSR --> Cold War
of Japan -- new core
by U.S. in recovering
to consumer goods, high technology, service sector
of old industrial centers
EXPANDING EUROPE, DYNAMIC EUROPE
- originated in quest for
- attempt to engender economic
inter-reliance among European nations
Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) - what to do after the fall?
of EU/ NATO eastward
- Why would the Russians
be unhappy about this?
- high standards for entry
- problems of expansion
Berlin Wall, circa 1960
Fall of the Berlin Wall, 1989
is defined as a political unit with clearly delineated borders, substantial
population; people consider themselves as members of a nation. (mid 1800s)
European Union, euro)
What are some risks of each of these?
are some examples of it in Europe? How do originally religious or linguistic
differences (for example) turn into political issues? How can historic
movements of people (invasions, migrations, intentional movements by governments)
serve as the root for discord decades or even centuries later?
Contradiction: Supranationalism versus Devolution
wide range of climates, topography, vegetation, and soils
north-south changes (climatic variety)
west coast climates
What kind of climate would you expect in the interior?
- how were they formed?
coastline & peninsulas
on image to see a very interesting process...
has many rivers and it has traditionally relied on them heavily. What are
some of the advantages of rivers?
The Danube flows through more countries than any other river on Earth.
River is the world's busiest waterway. Why? (hint: think core-periphery)
How would having such a coastline and such rivers be
linked to a high degree of
interaction within Europe and with outsiders?
North Sea oil and gas map
Polluted river, United Kingdom
Forest damaged by acid rain
of Chernobyl radiation hotshots
The Environment in Europe since 1970