The exceptions thrown by enterprise beans fall into two categories: system and application.
A system exception indicates a problem with the services that support an application. Examples of these problems include the following: a database connection cannot be obtained, a SQL insert fails because the database is full, or a
lookupmethod cannot find the desired object. If your enterprise bean encounters a system-level problem, it should throw a
javax.ejb.EJBException. The container will wrap the
RemoteException, which it passes back to the client. Because the
EJBExceptionis a subclass of the
RuntimeException, you do not have to specify it in the
throwsclause of the method declaration. If a system exception is thrown, the EJB container might destroy the bean instance. Therefore, a system exception cannot be handled by the bean's client program; it requires intervention by a system administrator.
An application exception signals an error in the business logic of an enterprise bean. There are two types of application exceptions: customized and predefined. A customized exception is one that you've coded yourself, such as the
InsufficentBalanceExceptionthrown by the
debitbusiness method of the
javax.ejbpackage includes several predefined exceptions that are designed to handle common problems. For example, an
ejbCreatemethod should throw a
CreateExceptionto indicate an invalid input parameter. When an enterprise bean throws an application exception, the container does not wrap it in another exception. The client should be able to handle any application exception it receives.
If a system exception occurs within a transaction, the EJB container rolls back the transaction. However, if an application exception is thrown within a transaction, the container does not roll back the transaction.
Table 5-2 summarizes the exceptions of the
javax.ejbpackage. All of these exceptions are application exceptions, except for the
EJBException, which are system exceptions.
Table 5-2 Exceptions Method Name
Exception It Throws
Reason for Throwing
An input parameter is invalid.
(and other finder methods that return a single object
The database row for the requested entity bean cannot be found.
The entity bean's row cannot be deleted from the database.
The database row to be loaded cannot be found.
The database row to be updated cannot be found.
A system problem has been encountered.